Do you suddenly have veins protruding from your legs? If so, then you have varicose veins. but  exactly, what are varicose veins? This is a problem that worries millions of women around the world and, to a lesser extent, men. Varicose veins are the most frequent vascular disease. They affect between 20 and 30 percent of the adult population and their prevalence increases with aging.  In fact, from the age of 50 almost half of the population has one degree or another of venous insufficiency (the disease that is behind varicose veins). However, there are some techniques that allow to eliminate them completely, although there is still some ignorance about it. If you want to know more about what are varicose veins and the treatments you could have to get rid of them, just keep reading this post.

Varicose Veins In Legs. What Are Varicose Veins?

Varicose veins are swollen veins because of an abnormal accumulation of blood due to the weakness, often inherited, in the walls and valves of superficial veins. They look like knots under the surface of the skin and may be blue, purple, red or green in colour. When the vein dilates it does not fulfill its function. These are responsible for making the blood return to the heart and that means that the flow has to go against gravity: from the foot to the heart. The veins have valves that prevent the return of blood flow to the foot and facilitate the rise of the blood to the heart.  However, if the vein is dilated, the valves do not fulfill their function and the flow is reversed, which causes an increase in dilation and problems such as edema, swelling of the leg or, in more advanced stages, ulcers or phlebitis (thrombosis of a varicose vein), among others. What you need to remember at all times is that varicose veins are a symptom of an underlying vein disease called Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI), a condition that is potentially fatal. With CVI there are high risks of developing blood clots inside the varicose veins, and this clots may be able to travel to deeper veins, reaching the lungs and provoking a Pulmonary Embolism.

Varicose Veins and Women

This pathology is much more frequent in women.  The appearance of varicose veins is up to five times more frequent in them than in men. And this is because of hormones such as estrogen and progesterone. Female hormones have a direct impact in the elasticity of the walls of the veins, that is why during pregnancy women that didn’t have spider or varicose veins suddenly develop them, hormones and the pressure of the expanded uterus.

New Varicose Vein Treatment

The technological development has allowed the appearance of new minimally-invasive treatments. This eliminates almost all the inconveniences associated with conventional surgery (bruising, scarring, inguinal neovascularization and prolonged incapacity for work).  In addition, it confers better quality of life, less pain and inflammation.

VenaSeal

It is a unique and minimally invasive treatment that uses a medical adhesive specially designed to treat varicose veins quickly and effectively. The VenaSeal dispenser delivers a very small amount of medical glue to close the vein. Once the diseased vein closes, the blood is immediately redirected to the other healthy veins in the leg.

Varithena

Also known as polidocanol injectable foam, consists of injecting the microfoam in the varicose vein that is to be eliminated, it is visualized very well with the ultrasound, following in real time its distribution inside the vessel to be treated. The treatment is minimally invasive, saving the patient the discomforts and risks of surgery (preoperative, anesthesia, incisions, sick leave, etc.) and once treated, patients can make normal life.

Radiofrequency Ablation

Radiofrequency is electromagnetic energy and therefore not ionizing. They are electrical and magnetic waves that when coming into contact with a tissue cause the vibration and friction of their atoms transforming into thermal energy. The increase in temperature generated with Radiofrequency Ablation involves a series of alterations in the structure of the treated vein, closing them down and eliminating the varicosities.

Endovenous Laser Ablation

This procedure is performed under local anesthesia by means of the eco-guided insertion of a 600 mm optical fiber inside the varicose vein to be removed. The emission of this laser is highly specific and only affects the vascular characteristics that we need to destroy with the laser. Therefore, the treatment is very effective and safe although it causes more discomfort than VenaSeal, Varithena and Radiofrequency Ablation.

FAQs About What Are Varicose Veins

Are varicose Veins and Prominent Veins the Same?

No, varicose veins look big because of the dilation of the walls due to the bad circulation of the blood. This occurs mostly because a malfunction of the valves located inside the veins, which makes the blood to accumulate under them, this makes them look very tortuous and look like knots that are protruding from the skin. Prominent  veins on the other hand, are veins that are anatomically big. They are not damaged, don’t look knotty or have a tortuous path.

What Are the Symptoms of Varicose Veins?

The most common clinical manifestations are:

  • Heaviness of legs.
  • Edema.
  • Swelling.
  • Pain.
  • Cramps.
  • Cramming sensation.

In more advanced stages of the disease:

  • Venous ulcers.
  • Dermatitis (darkening of the skin).
  • Bleeding in complicated varicose veins.
  • Deep Vein Thrombosis.

Varicose Vein Removal Near Me

If you are looking for one of the best vein centers in the country, then you are certainly looking for Vein Treatment Clinic. There, you will find some the best Board-Certified doctors and you will be able to have a minimally-invasive procedure to get rid of those probably dangerous varicose veins. All you need to do is Book An Appointment Now to begin the process of having a better quality of life.

Summary:

The blood vessels that appear irregularly and dilate when the walls of them are weak are called varicose veins.  They are bunches of veins with green, blue and purple tones. Some are surrounded by very thin and red capillaries, and are commonly known as spider veins. Both varicose veins and spider veins can appear anywhere on the body. However, they are more frequent in the legs and pelvic area. They originate when there is a malfunction of the valves inside the veins and cause blood to accumulate in the area. The blood uses the vein to transport itself to the heart with the help of the valves. The factors that can influence its appearance are several, and it is not unusual to detect several together in the same patient. Genetics and female hormones are the main risks of developing varicose veins, that’s why they are more frequent in women. You must never forget that varicose veins are a symptom of an underlying vein disease called Chronic Venous Insufficiency, which is potentially fatal. The best treatment for varicose veins are the ones that are minimally-invasive like VenaSeal, Varithena and Radiofrequency Ablation. Endovenous Laser Ablation is also an effective treatment but it causes more discomfort than VenaSeal, Varithena and Radiofrequency Ablation. The best place to get treatment for varicose veins is Vein Treatment Clinic which have some of the best Board-Certified vein doctors.