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Diagnosing Chronic Venous Insufficiency & Deep Vein Insufficiency Treatment

Do you have veins in legs? Are you suffering from symptoms like leg heaviness and restless legs syndrome? Do your leg veins throb and itch or do you experience frequent leg cramps? Do these signs and symptoms get worse at the end of the day or after long periods of sitting or standing still? You may think that these are simple signs of aging, but they may be indicative of a serious medical condition known as chronic venous insufficiency. In this article, we discuss what is chronic venous insufficiency, diagnosing varicose vein insufficiency, and deep vein insufficiency treatment.

What is Chronic Venous Insufficiency?

Chronic venous insufficiency is a circulatory disorder that affects your vein valves and leg veins. Vein valves generally act like one-way doors, i.e., they let blood flow through but prevent it from flowing back due to gravity. Sometimes, however, these vein valves collapse, which causes blood to flow backward due to the force of gravity. This causes blood to accumulate in your leg veins, which leads to veil dilation and the eventual formation of spider veins and varicose veins, along with several other complications.

Varicose Vein Insufficiency Complications

Chronic venous insufficiency, or varicose vein insufficiency, is an extremely dangerous medical condition. If you have any of the early symptoms of chronic venous insufficiency — leg heaviness, restless legs syndrome, frequent leg cramps, throbbing leg veins, etc — you should consult a vein doctor immediately. Chronic venous insufficiency is extremely under-diagnosed because its early symptoms are often mistaken as signs of aging. If left untreated, varicose vein insufficiency can have the following complications.

  • Formation of Spider Veins and Varicose Veins: Spider veins are dense clusters of blood vessels on the surface of the skin. Varicose veins are large bulging and twisted veins that protrude out of the surface of the skin. Both of them occur because of chronic venous insufficiency.
  • Profuse Bleeding: Varicose veins are dilated blood vessels with accumulated blood so they’re prone to bursting upon the slightest impact like a scratch or a bump.
  • Skin Disease: The breakdown of blood cells in your legs leads to the formation of red and scaly patches on your skin.
  • Skin Discoloration: The lack of blood circulation in your legs leads to skin discoloration.
  • Leg Ulcers: The lack of blood circulation in your legs prevents wounds from healing effectively, which leads to the formation of leg ulcers or non-healing wounds on your skin.
  • Deep Vein Thrombosis: The accumulated blood in your veins may clot and harden, which is a condition known as deep vein thrombosis. The clotted blood may soon break away and travel to your lungs, which leads to a potentially fatal condition called pulmonary embolism.

Can Exercise Help Chronic Venous Insufficiency?

As mentioned previously, chronic venous insufficiency occurs when your vein valves collapse and blood accumulates in your leg veins. While exercise doesn’t treat chronic venous insufficiency, it can help ease some of the symptoms. Exercises like yoga, running, swimming, and cycling — exercises that work your calf muscles — help push the accumulated blood in the right direction and encourage blood circulation to the heart. As such, exercise does help chronic venous insufficiency, but only temporarily. In addition to exercise, you can also wear compression stockings as they apply pressure on the blood vessels and encourages blood circulation to the heart. Neither of these methods will treat chronic venous insufficiency, however.

How do you Test for Venous Insufficiency?

Duplex Ultrasound is the best method to test for venous insufficiency. When you go to a varicose vein doctor, they will run some imaging and diagnostic tests, including Duplex Ultrasound. This test will help them visualize the blood flow in your veins, which will help them identify if there’s accumulated blood and which is the problematic vein. Based on this, they’ll be able to identify venous insufficiency and curate a vein treatment plan.

What is the Best Treatment for Venous Insufficiency?

In the past, vein disease could only be treated with surgical procedures like vein ligation and venous bypass surgery. These procedures were complicated and risky. However, in recent years, vein disease can be treated with minimally invasive procedures that are non-surgical, cause minimal pain or discomfort, are completely safe, and generally conclude within an hour with no downtime. The following are some of the best treatments for venous insufficiency.

Radiofrequency Ablation

Radiofrequency Ablation is a vein reflux disease treatment in which the vein doctor uses heat or thermal energy to collapse the diseased saphenous vein. The accumulated blood reroutes to healthier veins and the affected vein hardens and gets absorbed by the body.

Endovenous Laser Ablation

Endovenous laser ablation is a procedure in which the vein doctor uses laser energy, channeled via a laser fiber and a catheter, to disrupt the saphenous vein’s walls. The accumulated blood reroutes to healthier veins and the diseased saphenous vein eventually gets absorbed by the body. This procedure, however, causes more post-procedural discomfort than radiofrequency ablation.

VenaSeal

VenaSeal is a minimally invasive procedure in which the vein doctor injects a medical adhesive into your diseased saphenous vein. This vein glue seals the vein walls, effectively turning it into a scar tissue that eventually gets absorbed by the body. The accumulated blood reroutes to healthier veins and enters blood circulation again.

Treating Varicose Vein Insufficiency Today

Vein Treatment Clinic Houston TX is one of the best varicose vein treatment centers in Houston. We have one of the country’s finest vein doctors — Dr. Calvin Jung — and some of the latest technologies and devices with which to provide the best minimally invasive varicose vein treatments. If you have any of the signs or symptoms of vein disease, please schedule a chronic venous insufficiency consultation and diagnosis today.

Summary:

Do you have veins in legs? Are you suffering from symptoms like leg heaviness and restless legs syndrome? If so, you may have a dangerous circulatory disorder known as chronic venous insufficiency. This is a condition that occurs when your vein valves collapse and blood accumulates in your leg veins. Leaving it untreated leads to complications like the formation of spider veins and varicose veins, bleeding, leg ulcers, skin disease, skin discoloration, and deep vein thrombosis. Duplex Ultrasound is the best method to test for venous insufficiency. It helps them identify if there’s accumulated blood and which is the problematic vein. Based on this, they’ll be able to identify venous insufficiency and curate a vein treatment plan. The best vein disease treatments include radiofrequency ablation, endovenous laser ablation, and VenaSeal — minimally invasive procedures that cause minimal pain or discomfort and are completely safe. Vein Treatment Clinic Houston TX is one of the best varicose vein treatment centers in Houston. We have one of the country’s finest vein doctors — Dr. Calvin Jung — and some of the latest technologies and devices with which to provide the best minimally invasive varicose vein treatments. If you have any of the signs or symptoms of vein disease, please schedule a chronic venous insufficiency consultation and diagnosis today.